As the crisis in Syria is well into its fifth year, half of the Syrian population have been displaced or killed. The number of Syrian refugees who have fled the war to Lebanon has surpassed the million where 53 percent of them are children. Many of those children have become orphans as a result of the armed clashes in Syria.
As a result of the unrest in Syria for the past 3 years, the crisis has forced more than 9 million people to flee their homes seeking safety. 6.5 million Syrians are internally displaced and more than 3 million fled outside Syria to the neighboring countries. International humanitarian NGOs have been supporting the most vulnerable Syrians inside Syria and in the neighboring countries. In Lebanon, UNHCR has reported on the 1st of December 2014 that the number of registered refugees exceeded 1,144,762 persons. Islamic Relief Lebanon has been supporting the refugees from Syria since the beginning of the conflict.
Back to the end of 2011 in the city of Aleppo in Syria, Aisha and her beloved family were living safely and happily until the sudden civil war had broken up their safety and happiness. After living under armed clashes, people started to know what will happen after the first explosion, it was known that when an explosion happens it will bring immediately after seconds another explosion or barrel bomb.
Five years into the Syrian crisis, more than a million have sought refuge in Lebanon. 53 per cent of the total Syrian refugees in Lebanon are children according to UNHCR. Across Syria, at least 3,465 schools have been destroyed or damaged, and many have been occupied for military purposes or been a shelter for the internally displaced families, and those children who have managed to escape the conflict in are also missing out on education with devastating consequences where only 25 percent of them are enrolled in schools in Lebanon; meanwhile school children's trauma and severe psychological distress are also on the rise, affecting their ability to learn. Following the needs assessment done by Islamic Relief Lebanon Education division it was reported that there is a huge need to intervene to improve access of Syrian children into education.
After five years, the Syrian crisis doesn’t show an end to the conflict. Syrian refugees in Lebanon have been struggling to stay alive for five years. Their struggles increase during winter which brings more misery to them especially those who live in camps.
Um Hassan, 46 years, is a Syrian mother of 6 children who sought refuge in Lebanon in early 2013. Her husband and son were killed in Syria. After the fights have intensified near their house, she decided to leave Syria and flee to Lebanon. Now she lives in a tent with her children in one of the camps in Bekaa where temperatures in winter drop below zero.